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The Caipirinha

History of the “Caipirinha”
The word caipirinha is the diminutive version of the word caipira, which refers to someone from the countryside, being an almost exact equivalent of the American English hillbilly or the Lowland Scots teuchter. 
Although the real origin of caipirinha as we know it today is unknown, according to one account it began around 1918 in the state of São Paulo with a popular recipe made with lime, garlic and honey, indicated for patients with the Spanish flu; Today it is still being used as a remedy for the common cold. As it was quite common to add some distilled spirits to home remedies in order to expedite the therapeutic effect, rum was commonly used. "Until one day someone decided to remove the garlic and honey. Then added a few tablespoons sugar to reduce the acidity of lime. The ice came next, to ward off the heat,"

Nobody knows for sure exactly who made the first caipirinha or when. Many older Brazilians claim that the caipirinha was originally a folk remedy used to help alleviate the symptoms of colds and the flu and to soothe sore throats. Even today, many Brazilians are known to create a concoction of lime juice, cachaça and honey as a remedy for colds and flu. The use of ice is most certainly a modern innovation. We can only speculate that the use of sugar (or honey) that is one of bed rocks of the caipirinha was used to help the cachaça go down a little smoother because, after all, "a spoonful of sugar helps the medicine go down ...

The “Caipirinha” Recipe

1 ½ oz. Cachaça
8 lime triangles
2 bar spoons of cane sugar

How to make a “Caipirinha”

Step 1: Put the sugar & limes in a short drink glass
Step 2: Muddle limes and sugar and add crushed ice. 
Step 3: Add cachaça and churn. Top up with crushed ice.  
Step 4: Garnish with a lime wedge.

Want to learn more about muddling cocktails? Follow this link!